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Monkeys comprise a wide range of species throughout much of the tropical world. Despite their raw variety, most of them face threats from human development, capture and hunting. Monkeys are some of the most popular animals in the world. Monkeys fall under two scientific names: simiiformes catarrhini and simiiformes platyrrhini. about various monkey species here:. Monkeys are something of a cousin to apes. Great apes-including chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans—have Types of monkey az brains and no tails. There exist over species of monkeys, including macaques, tamarinds, and marmosets.
Monkeys come in a wide range of sizes, colors and behaviors. These range from the pygmy marmoset, which less than six inches tall and weighs about as much as a deck of playing cards, to the colorful-nosed mandrill, which can weigh over pounds and top out at over three feet long. Overall, monkeys fall into two broad of appearance. Old world monkeys, or simiiformes catarrhinimostly have more forward-facing noses, similar to humans.
Virtually all catarrhini have tails, though none of them are prehensile, meaning they cannot use them to grab objects such as tree branches. The baboon is one example of an old world group of monkeys, with long snouts and gray, brown or tan fur that gets long around the chest and head.
The tail of the baboon is approximately five inches long. Simiiformes platyrrhinimeanwhile, have flatter noses with nostrils that face more to the sides. They are also the only types of monkeys that feature prehensile tails, meaning they can use their tails to grab objects and hang from trees. One common example of a platyrrhini is the spider monkey, which has pink face poking out of noticeably long black fur. Many monkeys, such as the spider monkey, have adapted long arms relative to their body for this purpose.
This, in addition to their prehensile tail, allows them to reach far for the next branch. Monkeys are found throughout the world, mostly in tropical areas. Catarrhini are found in Africa and Asia, while platyrrhini mostly call Central and South America home.
Most monkeys live in tropical areas, particularly in forests. Monkeys do, however, vary in the types of environments in which they Types of monkey az. Baboons, for example, live in places that are more arid, or dry, in the southern countries of Africa, where it can also get cooler. The Japanese macaque, covered in thick white-ish hair, is one of the northernmost surviving monkeys, living where there can be snow for months in parts of northern Japan.
Some of them do so by relaxing in hot mountain springs. The lion tamarin also spends its life in the trees, specifically between 10 and 30 feet off the ground, while a baboon will usually only go to high places, such as cliffs, to sleep and get away from predators.
Most monkeys are omnivores, which means they eat a combination of meat and plants. Larger monkeys will also eat larger prey, such as lizardsor steal bird eggs.
The amount of meat or plants eaten by a monkey depends on their environment as well as the time of the year. The squirrel monkey, for example, gets three-quarters of its nutrition from insects, but will mostly eat plants and fruits, particularly from the Attalea maripa palms, during rainy season. Monkeys across the world face dangers from other animals as well as humans.
In Africa particularly, larger predators such as lions will attempt to hunt monkeys. However, the biggest threat to most monkeys comes from humans. Humans threaten monkeys through hunting and development. The clearing of trees for crops or lumber can disrupt the ways in which the monkey searches for food for example. In addition, some regions allow monkeys to be hunted for food or captured for sale as pets. Much like humans, monkeys give live birth to one or two babies at a time and live long lives compared to other mammals.
Though smaller monkeys can have life spans more like a household pet—around 15 years, on average, for many tamarinds—larger monkeys can live as long as 35 years in the wild. Monkeys live even longer in captivity, including one bornean gibbon that made it to 60 years old.
Monkeys grow to maturity with a few years, overall. Like humans, it can take about a year for a fertile female to mate and give live birth to a baby monkey. These timelines are typically shorter for smaller, more rodent-sized monkeys. Like humans, monkeys often have a near-monthly cycle where they can get Types of monkey az.
Despite this, most monkey species have a mating season that revolves around food availability. Most monkey species will give birth to a new baby approximately once every year. Monkey mothers will typically nurse and care for a newborn monkey for at least a few months until the baby monkey becomes more independent. During this time, the baby monkey might cling to the mother exclusively, preventing the mother from having another baby. Non-alpha males born into these groups might separate from the group in adulthood to form their own family group.
As the alpha male grows older or dies, another male may take over as the alpha. The of monkeys around the world varies dramatically by species. Some are relatively abundant—such as the bornean gibbonof which there are hundreds of thousands estimated worldwide—while the hainan black crested gibbon is one of the rarest monkeys, with less than 30 alive in the world.
Other Types of monkey az critically-endangered monkeys include the gray-headed lemur, the blond capuchin, the Myanmar snub-nosed monkey, and the sarawak surili. Vulnerable monkeys include the black-crowned dwarf marmoset and the Natuna Island surili.
Monkeys can be dangerous as pets, transmitting disease and giving nasty bites, but the risk is relatively small. The majority of monkeys in the wild are shy, preferring to hide from humans rather than confront them. Caring for a monkey is complicated, and a of states in the U. For example, Alabama allows monkeys as pets; New Hampshire bans monkeys as pets; and Idaho allows monkey ownership, provided you have a special permit.
Great apes also share a closer genetic connection to humans. Monkey Macaca Fascicularis.
Last updated: May 13, Verified by: AZ Animals Staff. There are around known species!
Find your favorite Animals! Born tree: some monkeys can swing through branches as fast as a racehorse! Hanging out: Unlike their cousins, the apes, monkeys often have long tails—but only new world monkeys can use them to hang! While the thought Types of monkey az a pet monkey may seem nice, they are illegal to own in most states.
Monkey Scientific name Monkeys fall under two scientific names: simiiformes catarrhini and simiiformes platyrrhini. Monkey Habitat Monkeys are found throughout the world, mostly in tropical areas. Monkey Diet Most monkeys are omnivores, which means they eat a combination of meat and plants. Monkey Predators and threats Monkeys across the world face dangers from other animals as well as humans. Monkey Reproduction, babies, and lifespan Much like humans, monkeys give live birth to one or two babies at a time and live long lives compared to other mammals. Monkey Population The of monkeys around the world varies dramatically by species.
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Types Of Monkey With Pictures And Facts – The Different Monkey Groups & Well-Known Monkey Species